Association Trio – A comparative analysis on the implementation of the Association Agreement with the EU by Georgia, Republic of Moldova and Ukraine
In 2014, the European Union concluded Association Agreements with the three countries – Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine, – to promote political association and economic integration, in line with the main goal of the Eastern Partnership as set forth by the Prague Summit Declaration 2009. On 13 November 2019, the three countries’ civil society platforms established under the Association Agreement and the Eastern Partnership frameworks presented their Joint Declaration calling on the three governments to establish trilateral cooperation and, on the EU, to institutionalise the enhanced dialogue in the EU+3 format. On December 5th, 2019, the first joint letter of the three Foreign Ministers of Georgia, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine was presented to the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, calling for sectoral integration and an accelerated EU + 3 dialogue. On May 17th, 2021, the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the three Associated Countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the establishment of enhanced cooperation on European integration – the “Associated Trio”.
On the eve of the Eastern Partnership Summit to be held in Brussels on December 15th, 2021, the Institute for European Policies and Reforms (IPRE) publishes today the Romanian version of the comparative analysis of the implementation of the Association Agreements by Georgia, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine.
This analysis was prepared in the context of the 4th edition of the Association Exchange Forum, organized in Kyiv on October 21-22, 2021 by the New Europe Center and the International Renaissance Foundation, in partnership with IPRE and the Open Society Georgia Foundation.
The publication presents a set of key information comparing the state of implementation of the three Association Agreements, progress on the implementation of their main provisions, domestic political contexts, governmental and parliamentary mechanisms of their implementation, and the institutions for civil society participation, as well as the key data on relationship between the EU and the three countries in security and in trade.
The Romanian version of the publication is available here and the English version is available here.
This publication was prepared on the occasion of the 4th edition of the Association Exchange Forum, organized in Kyiv on October 21-22, 2021, by the New Europe Center and the International Renaissance Foundation, in partnership with the Institute for European Policies and Reforms (IPRE) and the Open Society Georgia Foundation, with financial support from the EU #EU4Society project. The Romanian version of the publication was prepared by IPRE within the Project “Policy Bridges with the EU: Securing the Europeanization process of the Republic of Moldova”, implemented with the support of the Soros Foundation Moldova.